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主题 : 2018年考博英语过关必备260个短语大全
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楼主  发表于: 08-17   

2018年考博英语过关必备260个短语大全

1.abide by (=be faithful to; obey)忠于;遵守。 Tzbo#;  
  2.be absent from….缺席,不在 Y r EO7O  
  3.absence or mind (=being absent-minded)心不在焉 A1i&Cp  
  4.absorb (=take up the attention of)吸引…的注意力(被动语态): be absorbed in全神贯注于…近: beengrossed in; be lost in; be rapt in; be concentrated on; be focused on; be centered on RggP?#n}   
  5.(be) abundant in (be rich in; be well supplied with)富于,富有 A% @k'3  
  6.access (to) (不可数名词)能接近,进入,了解 L ^T;"'  
  7.by accident (=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident  (=safely)安全地, m61R.A/w  
  8.of one's own accord (=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地,主动地 M$}:B  
  9.in accord with与…一致. out of one's accord with同….不一致 p$Hm3)) I  
  10.with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地 AT np<Q%)  
  11.in accordance with (=in agreement with)依照,根据  f~<wxp  
  12.on one's own account Q:cl?z5a  
  1)为了某人的缘故,为了某人自己的利益 JP~sn3`v  
  2)(=at one's own risk)自行负责 > _8CWM  
  3)(=by oneself)依靠自己on account赊账; on account of因为; on no account不论什么原因也不; of…account有…..重要性. N{Dp8S\V  
  13.take…into account (=consider)把...考虑进去 L Bth*p  
  14.give sb. an account of说明,解释(理由) wJ> "$}  
  15.account for (=give an explanation or reason for)解释,说明. = #z5< 'N  
  16.on account of (=because of)由于,因为. fgucPYb  
  17.on no account (=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装) 1 fOa  
  18.accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth.; blame sth. on sb.; complain about)指控,控告 xmM+@mz8  
  19.be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于. x)MS(bH  
  20.be acquainted with (=to have knowledge of)了解; (=to have met socially)熟悉 YbiVx^PqVm  
  21.act on奉行,按照…行动; act as扮演; act for代理 <!\rl-Q  
  22.adapt oneself to (=adjust oneself to)使自己适应于 cbMDQ22  
  23.adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need)改编,改写(以适应新的需要) ?73qX  
  24.in addition (=besides)此外,又,加之 'J83>6x7  
  25.in addition to (=as well as, besides, other than)除…外 r8 6|W|O  
  26.adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe,opinion, belief)粘附;坚持,遵循 0/a@g%',}k  
  27.adjacent (=next to, close to)毗邻的,临近的 dBc #_  
  28.adjust...(to) (=change slightly)调节;适应 q:@xd}?>  
  29.admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地 \6Y>`d<=  
  30.in advance (before in time)预告,事先 EQp|[ U.  
  31.to advantage有利的,使优点更加突出地. d)}c IO }  
wO=[0E/f\e  
  32.have an advantage over胜过. have theadvantage of由于…处于有利条件have the advantageof sb.知道某人所不知道的事 _&aEj6vJ  
  33.take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用. !r/\vJS  
  34.agree with赞同(某人意见) agree to同意 *bPc%D<s J  
  35.in agreement (with)同意,一致 wzjlk|XL;  
  36.ahead of在…之前,超过…;……………. ahead of time提前. Iqj@L`=$  
  37.in the air 1)不肯定,不具体. 2)在谣传中. 3<+L,!%8  
  38.above all (=especially, most important of all)尤其是,最重要的. N'se  
  39.in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether)总共,总计 DGyZxwavf{  
  40.after all毕竟,到底; (not) at all一点也不; all at once (=suddenly)突然; once and for all只此一次;above all最重要的; first of all首先; all in all大体上说; be all in累极了; all but几乎. [_.JVT+y8  
  41.allow for (=take into consideration, take into account)考虑到,估计到. ,-.NyJ|B\  
  42.amount to (=to be equal to)总计,等于. qN("r$  
  43.answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for)对…负责. '; \w=f$  
  44.answer to (=conform to)适合,符合. dc^F(_h  
  45.be anxious about为…焦急不安;或anxious for bIWsd  
  46.apologize to sb. for sth.为…向…道歉 6Oa4eIWTT  
  47.appeal to sb. for sth.为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb.对某人有吸引力 4up q#,O  
  48.apply to sb. for sth.为…向…申请; apply for申请; apply to适用. {Y}G'&cBy  
  49.apply to与…有关;适用 {tx2|=Xu  
  50.approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right)赞成,approve vt.批准  .?:  
  51.arise from (=be caused by)由…引起. :^SH2 tcs  
  52.arrange for sb./sth. to do sth.安排…做… =(6xf8Awg  
  53.arrive on到达; arrive at到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in到达某地(大地方); ,HH~ho$  
  54.be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done)以…为羞耻 dC!o)2G  
  55.assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.)向…保证,使…确信. ]p#M#1T@1  
  56.attach (to) (=to fix, fasten; join)缚,系,结 Xo3.E  
  57.make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.)试图做… $fx^b)Cf  
  58.attend to (=give one's attention, care and thought)注意,照顾; attend on (upon)(=wait upon,serve, look after)侍候,照料 !B(KJ>d>_  
  59.attitude to/ toward …对…的态度.看法 :;nt{V0M|#  
  60.attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把..归因于..,认为..是..的结果 W\h2L>w  
61.on the average (=on average, on an average)平均 8/cDi<x  
}cf"p2J  
  62.(be) aware of (=be conscious of, havingknowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道. ) S)~#/OV{  
  63.at the back of (=behind)在…后面 Mw3?  
  64.in the back of在…后部(里面); on the back of在…后部(外面); be on one's back (=be ill in bed)卧病不起. :BN2Q$z#  
  65.at one's back (=supporting or favoring sb.)支持,维护; have sb. at one's back有…支持,有…作后台 7K{<NETM  
  66.turn one's back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way)不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃 y'%.|  
  67.behind one's back背着某人(说坏话) Aq}1<( <-  
  68.be based on / upon基于 SEJgL.iO  
  69.on the basis of根据…,在…基础上 \qvEZt6PS  
  70.beat…at在…运动项目上打赢 |%Yz +!  
  71.begin with以…开始. to begin with (=first of all)首先,第一(经常用于开始语) LRuZ;s  
  72.on behalf of (=as the representative of)以…名义 Y$ZKh[P&I  
  73.believe in (=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true)相信,依赖,信仰. ~Vz .{g,k  
  74.benefit (from)受益,得到好处. f96{I`l\  
  75.for the benefit of为了…的利益(好处) !y+KS-)nr  
  76.for the better好转 n36"7i2  
  77.get the better of (=defeat sb.)打败,胜过. \%#8--XlR  
  78.by birth在出生上,论出身,按血统at birth在出生时; give birth to出生 2M6 Wo@  
  79.blame sb. for sth.因…责备某人. blame sth. on sb.把…推在某人身上 3IRt U@q  
  80.in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作) [3_La&'}  
  81.on board到船上,在船上,上火车或飞机 ^_s~n0(=$  
  82.boast of (or about)吹嘘 HN7ZQ`6Q  
  83.out of breath喘不过气来 .GjK dY  
  84.in brief (=in as few words as possible)简言之 : 6o ^`j^  
  85.in bulk成批地,不散装的 xIL@H.,5  
  86.take the floor起立发言 $i7gUN<  
  87.on business出差办事. xhq$A?KXU  
  88.be busy with sth.于某事。 be busy doing sth.忙于做某事 I.k5m9Bz  
  89.last but one倒数第二. 7|Cb0@@< Q  
  90.but for (=without)要不是.表示假设 YJx(`   
  91.buy sth. for…money用多少钱买 @fCKqS>'  
  92.be capable of能够,有能力be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的 "4Ee_ g  
  93.in any case (=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens;anyhow)无论如何 2Js9)Z4  
  94.in case (=for fear that)万一; K?]GQ$BC  
  95.in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一in the case of至于…,就…而言 6,M}@bX*An  
  96.in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句) fYXM0DCKy  
  97.be cautious of谨防 mvW t,  
  98.center one's attention on (=focus one's attention on)把某人的注意力集中在…上 vO Um}1nV  
  99.be certain of (=be sure of)有把握,一定. ej"#Q`3RP+  
  100.for certain of (=for sure)肯定地,有把握 lXB+$n/r8}  
  101.by chance (=accidentally, by accident)偶然 6]uI'&h  
C\]>~  
  102.for a change换换环境(花样等) *-Nen ${z  
  103.charge sb. with …控告某人犯有… R9bs ?  
  104.in charge of (=responsible for)负责(某事) in the charge of …由…管 \9g{?`R  
  105.take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾)  (?#L?  
  106.charge…for因…索取(费用), charge sb. with sth.控告某人犯有… #B +#Bx@@  
  107.round the clock (=all day and all night, usually without stopping)昼夜不停地 V / oFsNl  
  108.comment on评论 # res+=z0  
  109.commit oneself to使自己承担… commit sb. to prison把某人送进监狱; commit one's idea towriting把某人的想法写下来; commit a matter to a committee把某事交给委员会讨论 )3[$:j  
  110.in common (和…)有共同之处,共用. be common to sb.是与某人所共有的 .`y|  
  111.keep company with (=be friendly and go out together)和…要好. J;4iwmaE!  
  112.compare…with …把…与…比较 *62(6  
  113.compare…to…把…比作… ;+ Nw1:0x  
  114.by comparison比较起来 Ixh*3Ny  
  115.in comparison with (=in contrast to)和…比起来 ,zW&!bH]  
  116.compensate for (=give sth. to make up for)补偿,赔偿,弥补compensate sb. for sth.赔偿,弥补 Y&za- >m  
  117.complain of (or about)抱怨;诉苦;控告; complain about抱怨某人或事情; complain to sb.about sth. (or sb.)向某人抱怨…; complain (抱怨); complement (补充); compliment (恭维) YDs^%d  
  118.comply with (=act in accordance with a demand, order, rule etc.)遵守,依从 q\%h53  
  119.conceive of (think of, imagine, consider)想象,设想 4j5$E}Tu E  
  120.concentrate on (or upon)集中,专心 HNbKf  
 121.be concerned with (=about)与…有关 \11E"xEJ{  
  122.concern oneself about / with关心 $g>y6aI  
  123.in conclusion (=as the last thing)最后一点; at the conclusion of当…结束时; AF0zVbJ  
  124.condemn sb. to判决 }#.@hn"u  
  125.on condition that (=if)以…为条件,假如. in that = because因为; now that = since既然;for allthat = although尽管 mdA[fh  
  126.in / out of condition (=thoroughly healthy or fit / not fit)健康状况好/不好. in good (bad)condition处于良好(坏)状态 Myhg??^]  
  127.confess (to)(=admit a fault, crime, or sth. wrong)承认,供认; confess to a crime承认罪行. N3&3v]ib  
  128.confide in (=to talk freely to sb. about one's secret)对…讲真心话,依赖 Fq'%gL  
  129.in confidence推心置腹地; with confidence满怀信心地; have confidence in对…有信心 H`H.&YI  
  130.confidence in sb. / sth.对…的信赖 wR-\zt||i  
  131.be confident of有信心; confidential机密的 L:lPSfCO%  
46N=i.a  
  132.confine…to…把…限制在某范围内 $W(Ps@  
  133.confirm sb. in使某人更坚定(信念等) FjMe]R4  
  134.conform to (=be in agreement with, comply with)符合,遵照,遵守;1) obey服从; 2) observe; 3) comply with照…办; 4) keep to遵循; 5) abide by服从;6) stick to按..做  2<a<M]z  
  135.be confronted with (=be brought face to face with)面对,面临 ['=0_I5  
  136.congratulate sb. on祝贺 SQ& o^  
  137.in connection with (=with regard to)关于, ^bX0'EuP  
  138.be conscious of (=be aware of)觉察,知道 @0EKuB>Y  
  139.consent to (=give agreement to permission)同意 OtB7)Hxv  
  140.in consequence (=as a result)结果 ^y9EwgXh  
  141.in consequence of (=as a consequence of)由于…的结果 .S\4z  
  142.under consideration在考虑中 !&9[-hb  
  143.in consideration of (=in return for, on account of, because of)由于 OqM%7K  
  144.on no consideration (in no case)无论如何也不 :J6YsI  
  145.take…into consideration (=take account of, take…into account)考虑到,把…考虑进去 5=?uC'  
  146.considerate (=thoughtful of the needs)体贴的,考虑他人需要的, considerable相当大的,值得考虑的 H$C-:S^'d  
  147.consist of (=be composed of)由…组成的. consist in主要在于. consist with符合,与…一致 6:]MGYEd  
  148.be consistent with (=be in agreement with)与…一致. be consistent  in一贯的, (CClF`fD  
  149.consult sb. on/ about sth.向…征求…方面的意见,就…向…请教 6r  @X  
  150.to one's heart's content尽情地,痛痛快快 Bk!sBxr  
  151.be content with (=be satisfied with)满足于be content to do sth.愿意做某事 CQfw(n;*@  
  152.contrary to (=in opposition to)与…相反 .g?I8+D  
  153.on the contrary相反 +UG} 9  
  154.contrast…with把…与…相对(对照) Vp>?$Gs|  
  155.in contrast to/with和…形成对比;by contrast对比之下 +}75_$Pz  
  156.contribute to有助于 Fo vL1.)  
  157.under control (被)控制住out of control无法控制 x+?R*3  
  158.at one's convenience (=where and when it suits one)在方便的时间或地点. be convenient to/ for对…方便 >i9(z' 9  
  159.convince sb. of (=cause sb. to believe or feel certain; to persuade sb.)使某人确信, try topersuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做… BkqO[b\.4  
  160.cope with (=deal with, try to find a solution to)应付,处理 Q:BNR7~bVg  
  162.correspond (with) (=exchange lettersregularly)通信 : |z^o|.I  
\ePft*wB  
  163.correspond to相当于. correspond with符合,一致 3 0 s>eZ  
  164.at all costs不惜任何代价. at the cost of以…为代价 4m|JU+[  
  165.a matter of course理所当然的事 =;dikt=B  
  166.as a matter of course当然地,自然地 $)[I3F  
  167.in (during) the course在…过程中 <4Eg! z8lg  
  168.in due course (=without too much delay)没经过太久,到一定时候 )xt$!g  
  169.on credit赊购; with credit以优异成绩; to one's credit使某人感到光荣; do sb. credit使…感到光荣 ,2PG"}i(  
  170.be critical of爱挑毛病的,批评的 qj"7o{9R  
  171.cure sb. of+某种疾病治好某人的疾病 p ]W|x!o5  
  172.a danger to对…的危险; be in danger (of)处于…危险中; be out of danger脱离危险 #l7jIn  
  173.to date (=so far, until now)到目前为止 -BfdaSD  
  174.out of date过时的;up to date新式的,时兴的; date back to可追溯到; date from从某时期开始(有) %0_._?X)  
  175.deal with (=concern)论及 5ZJ8Yh>  
  176.be in debt to sb.欠…的债 H^F $&G&6  
  177.on the decline在衰退中,在减少中in decline下降; on the increase在增加 bW:CE4s  
  178.to one's delight令某人感到高兴;to one's regret遗憾; sorrow悲痛; relief安心; distress苦恼;shame羞愧; surprise惊奇; astonishment惊奇; 7Duyv8 _  
  179.delight in (=take great pleasure in doing sth.)喜欢,取乐 :R|6-  
  180.take (a) delight in喜欢干…,以…为乐 GWUbfilR H  
181.demand sth. of sb.向某人要求(非物质的)东西. demand sth. from sb.向某人要求(物质的)东西 + kPY>=}M  
  182.in demand有需求; on demand受到要求时 kFC'{x?%  
  183.be dependent on依靠 z,iVBTGkHa  
  184.deprive sb. of sth.剥夺某人某物 tx)SN5]  
  185.derive…from (=obtain…from)从…取得,由…来的. derive from (=come from)起源于 q,g\_cp~  
  186.despair of (=lose all hope of)绝望 r@5mDd_  
  187.in despair绝望 *DZqG43|  
  188.despite (=in spite of)不管,尽管 %NGgM2<\!  
  189.in detail详细地 =6O-E3\  
  190.deviate from偏离,不按…办 J1i!>!66  
  191.on a diet吃某种特殊饮食,节食 3xra."I[  
  192.differ from…in与…的区别在于… [D808  
  193.in difficulties…有困难,处境困难, !=*W#v8/l  
  194.discharge sb. (from)…for (=dismiss sb. from a job for)因…解雇,开除 r[qw~"g]p  
  195.fall back (=retreat, turn back)撤退; in disorder慌乱地,狼狈不堪 K&e(@Tq  
  196.on display (=being shown publicly)陈列 \= `N]r wD  
  197.dispose of (=get rid of, throw away)处理掉 Bjh#G8Ge  
  198.beyond dispute不容争议的,无可争议 T<S) z  
  199.in dispute在争议中 @!bQMR?z  
  200.in the distance在远处. make out辩认出 M.#KMl6H2  
  201.(be) distinct from (= be different from)与…截然不同 x%7)b<HI  
y+pZu`,+  
  202.distinguish between (=make or recognizedifferences)辨别 XiNq>;@2g  
  203.distinguish…from把…与…区别开 4B{>7"  
  204.do away with (=get rid of; abolish; discard eliminate)除去,废除,取消; do away with (=kill)杀掉,镇压 RaTWD2 M`  
  205.have…to do with与…有关系 8#+g1J= y  
  206.without doubt (=undoubtedly)无可置疑地 ; upu94+  
  207.in doubt (=in a condition of uncertainty)对…表示疑惑 .X[ g|  
  208.be due to 是由于 1e% `${  
  209.come off duty 下班 Af_G; _SV  
  210.go on duty 上班 M(S]p6gy  
  211.be on duty 值班,值日,在上班时 OC8%p-w5;  
  212.be in duty bound to (do) (=be required by one's job or esp. by conscience)有义务(做) #L B K+'  
  213.be eager for想得到,盼望 e 9 ).azj?  
  214.by ear (=play music from memory without having seen it printed)凭记忆,不看乐谱 ,_D7.{  
  215.have an ear for (=have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music and language)对..有鉴赏力 U[9mQ0G,7  
  216.a word in one's ear私房话,秘密话 2ngu]ww3Y  
  217.on earth究竟,到底,全然 (KktEG,  
  218.with ease (= easily)容易,不费力 z@z!iW  
  219.at (one's) ease (= without worry or nervousness)自在,不拘束 #pCr[!@5  
  220.put sb. at his / her ease (=free sb. from worry or nervousness)使某人感到无拘束 PTGt]dcN+K  
  221.economize on (=save sth. instead of being wasteful)节省 _ L(OTzv  
  222.have an effect on对…有影响 PY BFo!d@P  
  223.be in effect (=be in operation)有效 AyhdK[yz[$  
  224.go into effect生效. (近: come into effect; take effect; be brought into effect) 3D#*5"1  
  225.in effect (=in fact, really)实际上 _t$JJ4  
  226.give effect to (=carry out)实行,使…生效 ~ {rhL0c3  
  227.to no effect不起作用,没有取得任何效果 Ew=r f  
  228.(be) of no effect (=useless)无效 xc~J/U&  
  229.to the effect that大意是…,主要内容是… <$196g1q  
  230.to that effect是那个意思的… g<P@kAhXK)  
231.emerge from (=appear, become known)出现,暴露(问题.意见等) P{RTtO)eV  
dF:<0  
  232.place (or put, lay) an emphasis on强调,把重点放在…上 upG6VFDH  
  233.encourage sb. in鼓励; encourage sb. in his/her work鼓励某人工作; encourage sb. inhis/her idleness怂恿某人游手好闲 o=>t~h  
  234.encourage sb. in …with sth.用…鼓励某人做某事 NLCJu5<]k  
  235.on end (=continuously)连续地 ,O4?Q-{p  
  236.(be) at an end (=finished)结束了 jBW Sc  
  237.no end of (=very many/much)很多,大量 S86'GeF  
  238.in the end (=finally, eventually)最终 Fn#C|[.f|X  
  239.at one's wit's end (=not knowing what to do or to say)无法可想,智穷计尽 {J" 3n5x.!  
  240.end up with以…而结束 @!'/I=:  
  241.come to and end (=finish)结束 , v4}<  
  242.end in以…为结束 A~4'< W  
  243.engage in或be engaged in忙于,从事 #tcq<V1 *  
  244.enter for (=put the name on a list for)报名参加 2`J:R^Kj  
  245.enter into (=begin)开始(谈话,谈判等) \S~!M^qErm  
  246.enter on / upon (=begin)开始(一个时代.一种生涯.一段任期等) \o4rSIZ6a  
  247.be entitled to (=be given the right to do sth.)有权…,有资格… fxk"|S$Rw  
  248.be equal to等于 'd}*5 /'  
  249.be/ feel equal to (=have enough strength, ability etc.) (某人)能胜任,能应付on equal terms(=on and equal footing)平等地 _-RC t{8M  
  250.be equipped with装备有,装有 x6(4h%v  
  251.(be) equivalent to (=equal in value, amount, meaning)相等于,相当于 rQ3##^~  
  252.in essence (=in its/one's nature)本质上 w|`[ a^Y  
  253.at all events (=in spite of everything, in any case)不论怎样,无论如何 pf:|PLv}  
  254.in any event (=whatever happens in the future)无论如何,不管(将来)怎么样 {l0'.{H`*3  
  255.in the event that (=if)假如,如果. in the event结果,实际情况是(常与but连用) %m#>tBP@  
  256.in the event of (=in case of)万一,即使发生..时  E~Gt  
  257.except除…以外; besides除…以外还有.. !jf7u_7"I  
  258.except (=but)除了。 {9}?<R  
  259.except for (=apart from)除…以外 ")Ry>#  
  260.(an) exception to …的例外 bg2%^e))3m  
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沙发  发表于: 09-15   
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板凳  发表于: 09-26   
求流量下载啊
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地板  发表于: 10-25   
Re:2018年考博英语过关必备260个短语大全
如何下载
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地下室  发表于: 10-26   
怎么下载呢?
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