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主题 : 2018年考博英语过关必备260个短语大全
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楼主  发表于: 08-17   


1.abide by (=be faithful to; obey)忠于;遵守。 Jdi);s"TS  
  2.be absent from….缺席,不在 i #jip)}G  
  3.absence or mind (=being absent-minded)心不在焉 ,XM=OFh^,  
  4.absorb (=take up the attention of)吸引…的注意力(被动语态): be absorbed in全神贯注于…近: beengrossed in; be lost in; be rapt in; be concentrated on; be focused on; be centered on _y< ?J 5  
  5.(be) abundant in (be rich in; be well supplied with)富于,富有 aRlm_Y)U  
  6.access (to) (不可数名词)能接近,进入,了解 MeX`6dw/x  
  7.by accident (=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident  (=safely)安全地, *;1<_aSl  
  8.of one's own accord (=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地,主动地 tkp'fn~(j  
  9.in accord with与…一致. out of one's accord with同….不一致 @m+KmKh5  
  10.with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地 B]9ni5   
  11.in accordance with (=in agreement with)依照,根据 huo\E<uv{  
  12.on one's own account Vq?E.1%  
  1)为了某人的缘故,为了某人自己的利益  NL:jo  
  2)(=at one's own risk)自行负责 ]K O;rK=Y  
  3)(=by oneself)依靠自己on account赊账; on account of因为; on no account不论什么原因也不; of…account有…..重要性. #f2#|d  
  13.take…into account (=consider)把...考虑进去 .):OI>  
  14.give sb. an account of说明,解释(理由) A= -?%.bN;  
  15.account for (=give an explanation or reason for)解释,说明. ~sz8#8h8^  
  16.on account of (=because of)由于,因为. bJ1$8Sd1F  
  17.on no account (=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装) AFkXwO>l  
  18.accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth.; blame sth. on sb.; complain about)指控,控告 J9PB.1f  
  19.be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于. \t.T2-\- m  
  20.be acquainted with (=to have knowledge of)了解; (=to have met socially)熟悉 S<m Dk@0g  
  21.act on奉行,按照…行动; act as扮演; act for代理 K;_Ut  
  22.adapt oneself to (=adjust oneself to)使自己适应于 5@_a ~K  
  23.adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need)改编,改写(以适应新的需要) c0cu9=(N  
  24.in addition (=besides)此外,又,加之 ,dq&cwU  
  25.in addition to (=as well as, besides, other than)除…外 !,;Sc>X  
  26.adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe,opinion, belief)粘附;坚持,遵循 ,efAqyUi  
  27.adjacent (=next to, close to)毗邻的,临近的 Hkl2$xmPI  
  28.adjust...(to) (=change slightly)调节;适应 (OIXv\d\  
  29.admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地 A$aO1  
  30.in advance (before in time)预告,事先 KdN6S6W5  
  31.to advantage有利的,使优点更加突出地. =!=D,.A?1  
  32.have an advantage over胜过. have theadvantage of由于…处于有利条件have the advantageof sb.知道某人所不知道的事 YY"dRXW  
  33.take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用.  L@po   
  34.agree with赞同(某人意见) agree to同意 O:@$WVD  
  35.in agreement (with)同意,一致 % #%>?%{  
  36.ahead of在…之前,超过…;……………. ahead of time提前. oJMd{u) O  
  37.in the air 1)不肯定,不具体. 2)在谣传中. $iNS?enO  
  38.above all (=especially, most important of all)尤其是,最重要的. }kHCF\JkB  
  39.in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether)总共,总计 BIs;?sm1:  
  40.after all毕竟,到底; (not) at all一点也不; all at once (=suddenly)突然; once and for all只此一次;above all最重要的; first of all首先; all in all大体上说; be all in累极了; all but几乎. 1IgWP  
  41.allow for (=take into consideration, take into account)考虑到,估计到. ;z V/VpX  
  42.amount to (=to be equal to)总计,等于. `?2?%~R  
  43.answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for)对…负责. unj_&7RL  
  44.answer to (=conform to)适合,符合. ;Dsw3@|  
  45.be anxious about为…焦急不安;或anxious for pA5J+{"lj*  
  46.apologize to sb. for sth.为…向…道歉 ~ M \ 8)  
  47.appeal to sb. for sth.为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb.对某人有吸引力 cmzX,;v5 <  
  48.apply to sb. for sth.为…向…申请; apply for申请; apply to适用. t<46hAF>=  
  49.apply to与…有关;适用 @k'+0@dj  
  50.approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right)赞成,approve vt.批准 9_? SeFK  
  51.arise from (=be caused by)由…引起. |U@:R-6}  
  52.arrange for sb./sth. to do sth.安排…做… ]3gJtaI1U  
  53.arrive on到达; arrive at到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in到达某地(大地方); XL%a8IyAL  
  54.be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done)以…为羞耻 cn&sK7  
  55.assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.)向…保证,使…确信. }l}"f /'  
  56.attach (to) (=to fix, fasten; join)缚,系,结 JSL;ltG  
  57.make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.)试图做… G HT3 3Fn  
  58.attend to (=give one's attention, care and thought)注意,照顾; attend on (upon)(=wait upon,serve, look after)侍候,照料 d!!`!R:  
  59.attitude to/ toward …对…的态度.看法 gX@Mu+^  
  60.attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把..归因于..,认为..是..的结果 h!+,;s$G,  
61.on the average (=on average, on an average)平均 $zw\k^  
  62.(be) aware of (=be conscious of, havingknowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道. '[#<=.`k  
  63.at the back of (=behind)在…后面 Hp"8:r  
  64.in the back of在…后部(里面); on the back of在…后部(外面); be on one's back (=be ill in bed)卧病不起. FkDNey  
  65.at one's back (=supporting or favoring sb.)支持,维护; have sb. at one's back有…支持,有…作后台 js~=D|-  
  66.turn one's back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way)不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃  A1*423  
  67.behind one's back背着某人(说坏话) t~uahq<a  
  68.be based on / upon基于 FJ' [m4  
  69.on the basis of根据…,在…基础上 06W <(>h  
  70.beat…at在…运动项目上打赢 ]ya\ \?  
  71.begin with以…开始. to begin with (=first of all)首先,第一(经常用于开始语) !j[YD?b  
  72.on behalf of (=as the representative of)以…名义 ^Yz^U#-3  
  73.believe in (=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true)相信,依赖,信仰. rI4ojy1;  
  74.benefit (from)受益,得到好处. bl*[LwW  
  75.for the benefit of为了…的利益(好处) T)AVFmNc  
  76.for the better好转 (>$w&9/,  
  77.get the better of (=defeat sb.)打败,胜过. h\@CS2}  
  78.by birth在出生上,论出身,按血统at birth在出生时; give birth to出生 - BZNB}Aj  
  79.blame sb. for sth.因…责备某人. blame sth. on sb.把…推在某人身上 uv(<}4YwR  
  80.in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作) wx3_>Z!q6p  
  81.on board到船上,在船上,上火车或飞机 7MH2\AM ?  
  82.boast of (or about)吹嘘 1MNOCiu}  
  83.out of breath喘不过气来 +jNlE& B  
  84.in brief (=in as few words as possible)简言之 K2E^cR R?  
  85.in bulk成批地,不散装的 ;C8M&lub#  
  86.take the floor起立发言 f$aEjZ?  
  87.on business出差办事. eQJISIr  
  88.be busy with sth.于某事。 be busy doing sth.忙于做某事 StVK nCc  
  89.last but one倒数第二. A)<2 ~u]  
  90.but for (=without)要不是.表示假设 RZK,!L#\D  
  91.buy sth. for…money用多少钱买 X>) j"  
  92.be capable of能够,有能力be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的 sl'/XAK\  
  93.in any case (=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens;anyhow)无论如何 VNwarQa$  
  94.in case (=for fear that)万一; yo^Iie  
  95.in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一in the case of至于…,就…而言 eCV0Ye|  
  96.in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句) L+76DmvZ  
  97.be cautious of谨防 <6`aebC  
  98.center one's attention on (=focus one's attention on)把某人的注意力集中在…上 _&\M,QP8[  
  99.be certain of (=be sure of)有把握,一定. =#p6-{Bn  
  100.for certain of (=for sure)肯定地,有把握 LkWxpTIk8B  
  101.by chance (=accidentally, by accident)偶然 3RHptf  
  102.for a change换换环境(花样等) r^HgM?<  
  103.charge sb. with …控告某人犯有… (x-F=dbJ  
  104.in charge of (=responsible for)负责(某事) in the charge of …由…管 1ODLcR'b#  
  105.take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾) P0{K!e  
  106.charge…for因…索取(费用), charge sb. with sth.控告某人犯有… rvlyOO  
  107.round the clock (=all day and all night, usually without stopping)昼夜不停地 <Nz,JL  
  108.comment on评论 Tr<gZ#  
  109.commit oneself to使自己承担… commit sb. to prison把某人送进监狱; commit one's idea towriting把某人的想法写下来; commit a matter to a committee把某事交给委员会讨论 Aj9a)Gl >  
  110.in common (和…)有共同之处,共用. be common to sb.是与某人所共有的 NZi xZD  
  111.keep company with (=be friendly and go out together)和…要好. }$ |;#rd  
  112.compare…with …把…与…比较  E|M.|  
  113.compare…to…把…比作… I=0V|xv  
  114.by comparison比较起来 jAhk<2  
  115.in comparison with (=in contrast to)和…比起来 |P"}2"C,mA  
  116.compensate for (=give sth. to make up for)补偿,赔偿,弥补compensate sb. for sth.赔偿,弥补 5-WAh:T5  
  117.complain of (or about)抱怨;诉苦;控告; complain about抱怨某人或事情; complain to sb.about sth. (or sb.)向某人抱怨…; complain (抱怨); complement (补充); compliment (恭维) |JU'7<  
  118.comply with (=act in accordance with a demand, order, rule etc.)遵守,依从 bm/.!<q=  
  119.conceive of (think of, imagine, consider)想象,设想 vaS"67  
  120.concentrate on (or upon)集中,专心 UjlY]n  
 121.be concerned with (=about)与…有关 c2a&kR6J>  
  122.concern oneself about / with关心 g~P1 b4k4H  
  123.in conclusion (=as the last thing)最后一点; at the conclusion of当…结束时; xw %5@  
  124.condemn sb. to判决 95$ aDsm   
  125.on condition that (=if)以…为条件,假如. in that = because因为; now that = since既然;for allthat = although尽管 %.^ g.L  
  126.in / out of condition (=thoroughly healthy or fit / not fit)健康状况好/不好. in good (bad)condition处于良好(坏)状态 0 $!j#7  
  127.confess (to)(=admit a fault, crime, or sth. wrong)承认,供认; confess to a crime承认罪行. ,?OS;Cfrq  
  128.confide in (=to talk freely to sb. about one's secret)对…讲真心话,依赖 / [Y4 3*  
  129.in confidence推心置腹地; with confidence满怀信心地; have confidence in对…有信心 > ^- $nA  
  130.confidence in sb. / sth.对…的信赖 (S~7G'/U  
  131.be confident of有信心; confidential机密的 j7\`pp{  
  132.confine…to…把…限制在某范围内 lAM,Pve+6  
  133.confirm sb. in使某人更坚定(信念等) ]68B>\#B~(  
  134.conform to (=be in agreement with, comply with)符合,遵照,遵守;1) obey服从; 2) observe; 3) comply with照…办; 4) keep to遵循; 5) abide by服从;6) stick to按..做 AMy#>4  
  135.be confronted with (=be brought face to face with)面对,面临 j)5\o  
  136.congratulate sb. on祝贺 Gy.h8z  
  137.in connection with (=with regard to)关于, %P%i^KYQ2  
  138.be conscious of (=be aware of)觉察,知道 5:m= +B  
  139.consent to (=give agreement to permission)同意 :Xhd  ATD  
  140.in consequence (=as a result)结果 {HSF B5s  
  141.in consequence of (=as a consequence of)由于…的结果 3 wU.z  
  142.under consideration在考虑中 _1>x /IeB  
  143.in consideration of (=in return for, on account of, because of)由于 ,;1FZ=e  
  144.on no consideration (in no case)无论如何也不 *1B.p  
  145.take…into consideration (=take account of, take…into account)考虑到,把…考虑进去 (i_Y9rb  
  146.considerate (=thoughtful of the needs)体贴的,考虑他人需要的, considerable相当大的,值得考虑的 6J1S>D=d  
  147.consist of (=be composed of)由…组成的. consist in主要在于. consist with符合,与…一致 DuJsb`\1  
  148.be consistent with (=be in agreement with)与…一致. be consistent  in一贯的,  egVh>A  
  149.consult sb. on/ about sth.向…征求…方面的意见,就…向…请教 L1&zzS4R  
  150.to one's heart's content尽情地,痛痛快快 @Gq 3 XR  
  151.be content with (=be satisfied with)满足于be content to do sth.愿意做某事 \q.I _i  
  152.contrary to (=in opposition to)与…相反 ,(BKy1M  
  153.on the contrary相反 Aw(B2gS  
  154.contrast…with把…与…相对(对照) c8 U3bI  
  155.in contrast to/with和…形成对比;by contrast对比之下 R<J@i/U/G  
  156.contribute to有助于 7h:r<4iEV  
  157.under control (被)控制住out of control无法控制 M)oXEy  
  158.at one's convenience (=where and when it suits one)在方便的时间或地点. be convenient to/ for对…方便 M0ooZ;+  
  159.convince sb. of (=cause sb. to believe or feel certain; to persuade sb.)使某人确信, try topersuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做… 81*Q9exXj  
  160.cope with (=deal with, try to find a solution to)应付,处理 !EE8BRc  
  162.correspond (with) (=exchange lettersregularly)通信 KF=1Z8-  
  163.correspond to相当于. correspond with符合,一致 xm]aK.}/u3  
  164.at all costs不惜任何代价. at the cost of以…为代价 A8Y632 &8  
  165.a matter of course理所当然的事   L+4L~  
  166.as a matter of course当然地,自然地 o"m kL^UV  
  167.in (during) the course在…过程中 ~$HcP~J  
  168.in due course (=without too much delay)没经过太久,到一定时候 OgO:  
  169.on credit赊购; with credit以优异成绩; to one's credit使某人感到光荣; do sb. credit使…感到光荣 MW9<do_?7}  
  170.be critical of爱挑毛病的,批评的 HFa=%m  
  171.cure sb. of+某种疾病治好某人的疾病 =5k6"/j  
  172.a danger to对…的危险; be in danger (of)处于…危险中; be out of danger脱离危险 PKOL=P2Z  
  173.to date (=so far, until now)到目前为止 `$E0)FQGV  
  174.out of date过时的;up to date新式的,时兴的; date back to可追溯到; date from从某时期开始(有) Q 1k@@ @G  
  175.deal with (=concern)论及 tF(UJOxk  
  176.be in debt to sb.欠…的债 _KxGUuY  
  177.on the decline在衰退中,在减少中in decline下降; on the increase在增加 =8r|svsHRD  
  178.to one's delight令某人感到高兴;to one's regret遗憾; sorrow悲痛; relief安心; distress苦恼;shame羞愧; surprise惊奇; astonishment惊奇; L_N+F ?,  
  179.delight in (=take great pleasure in doing sth.)喜欢,取乐 HS[J_i@ B  
  180.take (a) delight in喜欢干…,以…为乐 \YjW^N  
181.demand sth. of sb.向某人要求(非物质的)东西. demand sth. from sb.向某人要求(物质的)东西 |%=W  
  182.in demand有需求; on demand受到要求时 jn@ d?q<  
  183.be dependent on依靠 sclf&g)\!  
  184.deprive sb. of sth.剥夺某人某物 .{?_k<@{G  
  185.derive…from (=obtain…from)从…取得,由…来的. derive from (=come from)起源于 *Ne"C\a1s#  
  186.despair of (=lose all hope of)绝望 f*a-K {AW  
  187.in despair绝望 deji=)^  
  188.despite (=in spite of)不管,尽管 L3l/yg}?  
  189.in detail详细地 [;A%`CF  
  190.deviate from偏离,不按…办 p7q~e  
  191.on a diet吃某种特殊饮食,节食 |v[uq}!?-  
  192.differ from…in与…的区别在于… Phu8&|z  
  193.in difficulties…有困难,处境困难, 2 RTs6R  
  194.discharge sb. (from)…for (=dismiss sb. from a job for)因…解雇,开除 l7P''2  
  195.fall back (=retreat, turn back)撤退; in disorder慌乱地,狼狈不堪 lo\)JpU  
  196.on display (=being shown publicly)陈列 4($e PxX  
  197.dispose of (=get rid of, throw away)处理掉 i|F;7d iG  
  198.beyond dispute不容争议的,无可争议 '@Wf=K2\  
  199.in dispute在争议中 Y{. R6K  
  200.in the distance在远处. make out辩认出 F6kVy x#  
  201.(be) distinct from (= be different from)与…截然不同 k,YH(B,  
  202.distinguish between (=make or recognizedifferences)辨别 wd4 ^G?-'!  
  203.distinguish…from把…与…区别开 :~*@~"=  
  204.do away with (=get rid of; abolish; discard eliminate)除去,废除,取消; do away with (=kill)杀掉,镇压 IRsc;O  
  205.have…to do with与…有关系 agMq_pA  
  206.without doubt (=undoubtedly)无可置疑地 v/z8p(C  
  207.in doubt (=in a condition of uncertainty)对…表示疑惑 ;4p!zuu  
  208.be due to 是由于 (?= ?b[  
  209.come off duty 下班 /W|:}=2  
  210.go on duty 上班 YOgM JM  
  211.be on duty 值班,值日,在上班时 O4Wa{=  
  212.be in duty bound to (do) (=be required by one's job or esp. by conscience)有义务(做) b\<X NJ:  
  213.be eager for想得到,盼望 a&0 X8\_  
  214.by ear (=play music from memory without having seen it printed)凭记忆,不看乐谱 |J[w*d)l  
  215.have an ear for (=have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music and language)对..有鉴赏力 (H^94_n_  
  216.a word in one's ear私房话,秘密话 ymYl5Lef  
  217.on earth究竟,到底,全然 8-a=ZFe  
  218.with ease (= easily)容易,不费力 \qZXqIE  
  219.at (one's) ease (= without worry or nervousness)自在,不拘束 1n6}T0F%M  
  220.put sb. at his / her ease (=free sb. from worry or nervousness)使某人感到无拘束 10'^P1K>\  
  221.economize on (=save sth. instead of being wasteful)节省 w2?2[YX  
  222.have an effect on对…有影响 T> 6Qw^  
  223.be in effect (=be in operation)有效 GDh-i|jm  
  224.go into effect生效. (近: come into effect; take effect; be brought into effect) -G'aYq7gwC  
  225.in effect (=in fact, really)实际上 ?$f)>"U  
  226.give effect to (=carry out)实行,使…生效 A|Z=q2|@  
  227.to no effect不起作用,没有取得任何效果 ;K1S692f  
  228.(be) of no effect (=useless)无效 ,Q%v;<BV)h  
  229.to the effect that大意是…,主要内容是… S^=d-)76  
  230.to that effect是那个意思的… d+afNB  
231.emerge from (=appear, become known)出现,暴露(问题.意见等) ;j<@yk-|)  
  232.place (or put, lay) an emphasis on强调,把重点放在…上 F 00'/hDB  
  233.encourage sb. in鼓励; encourage sb. in his/her work鼓励某人工作; encourage sb. inhis/her idleness怂恿某人游手好闲 ;(|dOI  
  234.encourage sb. in …with sth.用…鼓励某人做某事 ILP&pnE42  
  235.on end (=continuously)连续地 W )p m:  
  236.(be) at an end (=finished)结束了 f98EW6dq   
  237.no end of (=very many/much)很多,大量 C }6F4wq|  
  238.in the end (=finally, eventually)最终 CH6w[*ct.  
  239.at one's wit's end (=not knowing what to do or to say)无法可想,智穷计尽 Jz*6N1MW  
  240.end up with以…而结束 Y 0gl!]  
  241.come to and end (=finish)结束 0Oqg|  
  242.end in以…为结束 k %?"o6}  
  243.engage in或be engaged in忙于,从事 Y^Zl%F  
  244.enter for (=put the name on a list for)报名参加 pZ;-J pRjB  
  245.enter into (=begin)开始(谈话,谈判等) PmdWeg  
  246.enter on / upon (=begin)开始(一个时代.一种生涯.一段任期等) ^] M`F!  
  247.be entitled to (=be given the right to do sth.)有权…,有资格… RF=kU |UaY  
  248.be equal to等于 u3spw]y  
  249.be/ feel equal to (=have enough strength, ability etc.) (某人)能胜任,能应付on equal terms(=on and equal footing)平等地 ;cTIT,<  
  250.be equipped with装备有,装有 QHf_O:vc  
  251.(be) equivalent to (=equal in value, amount, meaning)相等于,相当于 89LH?'S  
  252.in essence (=in its/one's nature)本质上 ll.A1fETT*  
  253.at all events (=in spite of everything, in any case)不论怎样,无论如何 [mG,2KF2  
  254.in any event (=whatever happens in the future)无论如何,不管(将来)怎么样 a4VQl2l +  
  255.in the event that (=if)假如,如果. in the event结果,实际情况是(常与but连用) sKZ;#: ;!  
  256.in the event of (=in case of)万一,即使发生..时 |s<AP1  
  257.except除…以外; besides除…以外还有.. &lQPm}jinD  
  258.except (=but)除了。 oPTFu~  
  259.except for (=apart from)除…以外 dmZX{s6  
  260.(an) exception to …的例外 }}Wc||BcH  








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